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Nineteenth Century American Resources

Please note that items in bold are described in the Library's online catalog and you will need to review the catalog to obtain the call number of each item. All other items are described in guides in Special Collections and Archives.

I. Categories for Special Collections and Archives Materials
African Americans
  • Charleston Courier newspaper, August 13, 1806. Has several advertisements for the sale of slaves, hiring of slaves, and rewards for runaway slaves.
  • New Hampshire Patriot newspaper, July 30, 1816. “Observations on the Nature of heat and cold and remarkable appearances in the sun, planets, and meteors”, an article written by Dudley Leavitt a mathematics and natural philosophy teacher.
  • Daily National Intelligence , Washington D.C. newspaper, August 7, 1827. This paper contains advertisements for a reward for the capture of a runaway slave, and the sale of a runaway slave.
  • Sambo & Toney: a dialogue in three parts a discussion between slaves regarding conversion Edmund Botsford, 1808
  • New Hampshire Patriot newspaper, July 30, 1816. Article, “Insurrection of the Negros”, describes a slave insurrection in Camden, South Carolina.
  • Standing Springs Baptist Church, Greenville County, minutes 1818-1832
  • Turkey Creek Baptist Church minutes, 1832-1835
  • Correspondence, between the Hon. F. H. Elmore, one of the South Carolina delegation in Congress, and James G. Birney, one of the secretaries of the American anti-slavery society, 1838
  • Ware Family Papers - deeds of sale, valuation of slaves 1838-1842, postbellum labor contracts
  • Sale of 13 slaves, Darlington County, 1847 South Caroliniana Primary Documents, Box 7
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 - contains 17 varying advertisements for the sale and hire of slaves.
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 article, “State of South Carolina”- notice describing a new ordinance on taxing property in Charleston. A Section includes a brief mention of Slaves and their liability to taxation.
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 article, “State of South Carolina”- about an ordinance to repeal the second section of a previous Ordinance, “An Ordinance to Repeal the Ordinance Requiring Public Sales to be made at the Slave Mart, and to prohibit the sale of slaves at public auction, in any street, lane, or unclosed lot.”
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 article, “Correspondence to the Mercury”- letter discusses a bill being reviewed by the Committee of Territories in Washington, that would prohibit the entering of slaves into D.C. The letter also gives the writer's opinion on the South’s responses to Northern aggression and abolitionists.
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 article, “Romantic but Sad Reality”-article about the murder of a slave boy by a “deranged” young white man in Virginia.
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 article, “Slave Census in Kentucky”
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 article, “City Taxes” - The City Assessor mentions guidelines for listing slaves, and gives a specific date range to be contacted by free people of color.
  • The Connecticut Courant newspaper, May 12, 1860. Article, “Fugitive Slave Case in Boston –The Slave found secreted on board a steamer –He Sent Back to his Master” - The story of a fugitive slave from Charleston, SC.
  • Charleston Daily Courier newspaper, May 17, 1860. This paper contains several advertisements for the sale of slaves, and several advertisements seeking to hire black workers.
  • Charleston Daily Courier newspaper, May 17, 1860. Article, “the M.E General conference and the Slavery Question”- relates that members of the M.E. Church in Pennsylvania petitioned the church’s General Conference to bar membership to slaveholders.
  • Charleston Daily Courier newspaper, May 17, 1860. Article, “The negros at Key West”- A New York Herald correspondent describes the refugee camp of Africans liberated from 3 slave ships that were docked in Florida. The correspondent describes them as festive, and views them more favorably than the native slave population. The article also discusses plans to ship them to Liberia, the West African country established for liberated American Slaves. The correspondent laments their return to “barbarism” and advocates a continued colony in Key West.
  • Harper's Weekly map, Nov. 23, 1861, showing proportion of slaves in each county
  • New-York Tribune newspaper, February 19, 1862. Article, “Light on the Slavery Question. The Negroes in South Carolina. Report of a Government Agent” – Report written on the liberated Sea Island slaves of South Carolina and their treatment from the Union Army by Edward L. Pierce.
  • New-York Tribune newspaper, February 19, 1862. Article, “The Negroes at Port Royal” – References the report by Edward L. Pierce and provides some details on the Sea Island slaves.
  • New-York Tribune newspaper, February 19, 1862. Article, “Slavery Agitation –Shall it be stopped!” – Article arguing against reconciliation with the Confederacy before victory, because the institution of slavery led to agitation and social disruption.
  • Reports of the Committee on the Conduct of the War: Fort Pillow Massacre; Returned Prisoners, House of Representatives, 1864
  • The Furman Family Collection - Letters discussing hiring former slaves (1866) in Folder 8, Box 3
  • Partial transcript of Wallace vs. Simpson (1868): In this case, Republican A.S. Wallace successfully challenges the legitimacy of Democratic candidate W.D. Simpson's election to the U.S House of Representatives in the S.C. 4th Congressional District. Election was overturned on the basis of partisan practices and/or KKK violence and intimidation.
  • Mary A. Roe Collection, July and Sept 1874 letters regarding election and African Americans
  • John H. Harrison, Sr., Collection (1840-1919) - Document dated August 3, 1880: "This certifies that the Board of County Commissioners for Greenville County have this day apprenticed Harriet Walker colored, to John H. Harrison. The said Harriet Walker being as is supposed about eight years of age."
  • Harper's Weekly Images of Freedmen, 1879-1881, 1886 [range 15]
  • South Carolina's African American Confederate pensioners, 1923-1925, Alexia Jones Helsley, 1998
  • Free African Americans of North Carolina, Virginia and South Carolina From the Colonial Period to About 1820, Paul Heinegg, 2005
  • South Carolina $5 bank note, The Bank of Hamburg, 1860. Has the image of a young male slave working with a white man, and other figures working in a field.
Agriculture/Nature
  • Charleston Courier newspaper, August 13, 1806. Contains a story ,“A gentleman who resides on the Sand hills…”, that deals with a family made ill by rotten cotton seed.
  • Charleston Courier newspaper, August 13, 1806. Article, “Interesting and important experiment in the culture of wheat”
  • New Hampshire Patriot newspaper, July 30, 1816. “Observations on the Nature of heat and cold and remarkable appearances in the sun, planets, and meteors”, an article written by Dudley Leavitt a mathematics and natural philosophy teacher.
  • Microfilm in General Collection: History of agriculture in South Carolina, 1790 to 1860 an economic and social study, Marjorie Stratford Mendenhall, 1940
  • The Connecticut Courant newspaper, May 12, 1860. Article, “The Farm and the Garden” - describes cultivation techniques for several different kinds of produce, like peaches, grapes, the state of vegetable evolution, Currants, Tea Plants, and the care of chickens.
  • The Birds of America 1827, Furman's facsimile, 1972
  • The Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste, 1847-1851
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 article, “The Crust of the Earth” - report on the theories of two Doctors, Dr. Silliman, and Dr. Boynton, on the structure of planet Earth.
  • A history of the upper country of South Carolina : from the earliest periods to the close of the War of Independence includes description of animal and fish populations, John H. Logan, 1859
  • South Carolina: resources and population, institutions and industries, published by the State Board of Agriculture of South Carolina 1883
  • The August cyclone A descriptive narrative of the memorable storm of 1885 1886
  • The Germ: thoughts towards nature in poetry, literature, and art, 1898
Arts/Leisure
  • The Art of Writing Reduced to a Plain and Easy System, John Jenkins, 1813
  • The New-York mirror and ladies' literary gazette, 1830
  • The New-York mirror, 1830-1842
  • Domestic manners of the Americans, Mrs. Trollope, 1832
  • Piano music collected by Mary A. Burckmyer. ca. 1832
  • The Christian Minstrel: a new system of musical notation, [shape note], J. B. Aikin, 1846
  • The Southern harmony, and musical companion, William Walker, 1849
  • Carolina sports by land and water: including incidents of devil-fishing, etc., Wm. Elliott, 1850
  • The True Orator: an address delivered before the Adelphian Society of the Furman Institution, James R. Kendrick, 1850
  • Harper's Bazaar, 1881
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe 1852, Furman's copy 1894
  • Graham's magazine, 1841-1856; Graham's illustrated magazine 1856-1858
  • South Songs: from the lays of later days collected and edited by T.C. De Leon, 1866
  • War poetry of the South edited by William Gilmore Simms, 1867
  • Untitled poem John Greenleaf Whittier, 1879
  • Life on the Mississippi, Mark Twain 1883, Furman's copy 1901 with suppressed chapter
  • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain 1884 Furman's copy 1891
  • Manners, Culture and Dress of the best American society, including social, commercial and legal forms..., Richard A Wells, c1890
  • Furman University, Philosophian Literary Society records
  • Furman University, Adelphian Society records
  • Furman University Sports Photographs 1890s - PastPerfect
  • In the company of books: literature and its "classes" in nineteenth-century America, Sarah Wadsworth, 2006
  • The Scrapbook in American Life, edited by Susan Tucker, Katherine Ott, and Patricia P. Buckler, 2006
  • Bold Cautious True: Walt Whitman and American Art of the Civil War Era, Kevin Sharp, 2009
  • Internet Resource: The Nineteenth Century in Print: The Making of America in Books and Periodicals from the Library of Congress American Memory Collection
  • Internet Resource: The Making of America (MoA) is a digital library of primary sources in American social history from the antebellum period through reconstruction. The collection is particularly strong in the subject areas of education, psychology, American history, sociology, religion, and science and technology. The collection currently contains approximately 10,000 books and 50,000 journal articles with 19th century imprints.
Church/Religious Activity
  • Edmund Botsford Family Collection, 4 boxes, 1785-1819 letters, sermons, essays, diary includes letters to Rev. Richard Furman
  • Clinton Capers Brown Collection - 10 boxes, attended Furman 1870-1871, most materials re: SC Baptist Convention
  • Johnson, William Bullein - 1 box, 1st President Southern Baptist Convention, papers from 1831-1862 sermons and correspondence
  • Turkey Creek Baptist Church records, 1785-1909
  • Greenville First Baptist Church records
  • Standing Springs Baptist Church, Greenville County records, 1818-1918
  • Southern Baptist Theological Seminary records, beginning in 1859
  • Letter J.B. Hartwell to Rev. Richard Furman, April 28, 1860 from Shanghai, China discussing missionary activities, current events including the presence of French and English military, Furman Family Collection, oversize box
  • Reedy River Baptist Association minutes and other records, 1826 to present
  • Savannah River Baptist Association minutes and other records, 1820 to present
  • Charleston Baptist Association minutes and other records, 1775-1910
  • Christian missions entitled to support: a discourse, James C. Furman, 1839
  • Annual, South Carolina Baptist Convention 1842 to present, minutes of SC Baptist convention includes information on educational institutions supported by Convention
  • The gospel developed through the government and order of the churches of Jesus Christ William Bullein Johnson 1846
  • An historical discourse: delivered before the Charleston Baptist Association James C. Furman, 1851
  • Ministerial piety: an essay read before the Piedmont Ministers' Institute James C. Furman, 1881
  • The rise and progress of religion in the soul: illustrated in a course of serious and practical addresses [addressed largely to native population], Rev. Philip Doddridge, 1804
  • The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Greenville, S.C., September, 1859-May, 1877: historical reminiscences, Robert W. Sanders
  • A Baptist map of the state of South Carolina : showing the location of all white Baptist churches in the state, Spec Coll Folio, 1895
  • Religion on the American Frontier, The Baptists 1783-1830, William Warren Sweet, 1931
  • The Life Work Of James Clement Furman, Harvey Toliver Cook, 1926
  • Richard Furman: Life and legacy, James A. Rogers, 1985
  • A Baptist faith: William Bullein Johnson and his interpretation of the Baptist identity, Douglas W. Watson, 2002
  • The life and work of William Joseph McGlothlin, Carl Wesley Wilkinson, III, 1980
Crime/Violence
  • Turkey Creek Baptist Church, minutes 1813-1816, 1834-1839, 1850
  • Standing Springs Baptist Church, Greenville County minutes 1830-1832
  • Furman University Historical Records RG 45 004 and 005A - records of student crimes 1841, 1859, 1894
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 article, “Romantic but Sad Reality”-article about the murder of a slave boy by a young white man in Virginia.
  • Reports of the Committee on the Conduct of the War: Fort Pillow Massacre; Returned Prisoners, House of Representatives, 1864
  • Partial transcript of Wallace vs. Simpson (1868): In this case, Republican A.S. Wallace successfully challenges the legitimacy of Democratic candidate W.D. Simpson’s election to the U.S House of Representatives in the S.C. 4th Congressional District. Election was overturned on the basis of partisan practices and/or KKK violence and intimidation.
Economy
  • Ware Family Papers, liens on crops, 1889-1893, plus other business records during the 19thc
  • Thea Furman Manuscript Collection - 19thc ledgers of several businesses, includes examples of Confederate money
  • Historical and descriptive review of the state of South Carolina, including the manufacturing and mercantile industries, 1884
  • The History of Financial Disasters 1763-1995 editor Mark Duckenfield, 2006; these volumes can be found in the General Collection
  • South Carolina $5 bank note, The Bank of Hamburg, 1860. Has the image of a young male slave working with a white man, and other figures working in a field.
Education
  • Fanny Wilson Johnson ltr from Greenfield [near Chillicothe, Ohio?] to Eliza, her sister, March 1, 1832 mentions cases of influenza and friend teaching in Female Academy in Greenville, Small Manuscripts Oversize Box 1
  • Harvey Toliver Cook Collection - 4 boxes, professor at Furman beginning in 1881, founder of SC Baptist Historical Collection
  • Thomas Crymes Papers - 1 box, includes lecture notes from classes 1867-1868, one of his professors was James P. Boyce
  • Richard Furman Collection - 12 boxes, minister and pioneer educator, Furman namesake
  • James C. Furman Collection - 15 boxes, son of Richard, minister, President of Furman 1859-79
  • James Sessions Mims Collection - 4 boxes, Furman professor 1842-1855, bulk collection 1843 to 1854
  • Greenville Woman's College Collection - 14 boxes, includes publications, administrative, student records and photographs, 1850-1900
  • Furman University Historical Records RG 45, Records of previous campuses
  • Furman University Historical Records RG 45 0005A, Faculty Report re: reopening of school, 1866
  • Historic Textbook Collection 19thc
  • Three changes in theological institutions, An inaugural address delivered before the Board of Trustees of the Furman University, James P. Boyce, 1856
  • History of the South Carolina College, 1801 to 1857, M. La Borde, 1859
  • The value of classical studies, An address delivered at Greenville, South Carolina, Dec. 16, 1875, D. H. Chamberlain
  • Academy and college: the history of the woman's college of Furman University, Judith T. Bainbridge, 2001
  • Baptist beginnings in Education: a history of Furman University, W. J. McGlothlin, 1926; also available online.
  • Furman University: a history, Robert Daniel, 1951
  • Furman University : toward a new identity, 1925-1975, Alfred Sandlin Reid, 1976
  • History of Furman University: an outline, Professor S. E. Bradshaw, 1921
Government
  • A disquisition on government, and A discourse on the Constitution and government of the United States, John C. Calhoun, Ed. by Richard K. Cralle, 1851
  • The exiles of Florida; or, The crimes committed by our government against the Maroons, who fled from South Carolina, and other slave states, 1858
  • The Constitution of South Carolina, adopted April 16, 1868, and the acts and joint resolutions of the General Assembly, passed at the Special Session of 1868, together with the military orders 1868
  • Reports of the Committee on the Conduct of the War: Fort Pillow Massacre; Returned Prisoners, House of Representatives, 1864
  • Basil Manly, Sr., Papers - military pass and pardon, 1864-1865
Health, Medicine, and Death
  • Charleston Courier newspaper, August 13, 1806. Contains a story ,“A gentleman who resides on the Sand hills…”, that deals with a family made ill by rotten cotton seed.
  • Fanny Wilson Johnson ltr from Greenfield [near Chillicothe, Ohio?] to Eliza, her sister, March 1, 1832 mentions cases of influenza and friend teaching in Female Academy in Greenville, Small Manuscripts Oversize Box 1
  • National sins: a call to repentance, A sermon preached on the National Fast Whitefoord Smith, 1849 (President Taylor proclaimed National Day of Fasting and Prayer for the cholera epidemic)
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 - contains 4 articles on Cholera outbreaks, including one in New York, and the official measures being taken to prevent cholera and its spread in Charleston. These articles include proclamations, addresses from the Mayor on sea port quarantine regulations, and the publishing of preventative measures regarding the spread of cholera from the Office of the Board of Health in Charleston.
  • The Connecticut Courant newspaper, May 12, 1860 – contains two articles about a disease spreading through cattle.
  • Mary Bridges Barr Family Collection: correspondence from Barr/Bridges family members - includes correspondence on death of several of the family members (1863-1898).
  • A Confederate surgeon's letters to his wife, Spencer Glasgow Welch, 1954
  • Talks On Temperance, Rev. Canon Farrar, 1878
  • Patrick McGill Family Collection: medical bills from the mid-nineteenth century.
  • Over Their Dead Bodies: Yankee Epitaphs & History, Thomas C. Mann and Janet Greene, 1962
Law
  • A digested index of the statute laws of South-Carolina from the earliest period to the year 1836, inclusive William Rice
  • The bank case, A report of the proceedings in the cases of the Bank of South Carolina, and the Bank of Charleston, 1844
  • The statutes at large of the Confederate States of America, edited by James M. Matthews, 1864
  • Argument of William Whaley, Esq.: delivered before the Supreme Court at Columbia, S.C., on the negro bond question: Calhoun v. Calhoun, 1869
  • The book of allegiance; or, A report of the arguments of counsel, and opinions of the Court of Appeals of South Carolina, Determined on the 25th of May, 1834
  • Proceedings in the Ku Klux trials at Columbia, S.C., 1872
Migration/Transportation
  • Ware Family Papers - stock certificate for Laurens Railroad Company, 1849
  • Geography made easy: being an abridgment of the American universal geography : containing astronomical geography, discovery and general description of America...Jedediah Morse, 1800
  • Atlas of the state of South Carolina: made under the authority of the Legislature Robert Mills, 1825
  • The Mariner's Chronicle: containing narratives of the most remarkable disasters at sea, such as shipwrecks, storms, fires, and famines: Stereotyped by A. Chandler [1834]
  • Mitchell's traveller's guide through the United States: containing the principal cities, towns..., S. Augustus Mitchell, 1838
  • A manual of the principles and practice of road-making, W.M. Gillespie, 1848
  • Annual report of the president and directors of the Blue Ridge Railroad Company in South Carolina, 1860
  • Proceedings of the Immigration Convention, held at the Academy of music, Charleston, S. C., May 1870
  • Early travel and accommodations along the roads of the upper part of Greenville County, Mann Batson, c1995
  • North American immigration to Brazil : tombstone records of the "Campo" Cemetery, Betty Antunes de Oliveira, 1978
  • Map of South Carolina, Rand McNally, 1895
  • US Map showing acquisitions, 1900
  • Greenville Railroad History since 1853, Craig A Myers, 2002
Native Americans
  • Chicóra and other regions of the conquerors and the conquered Eastman, Mary H., 1854
  • Greyslaer : a romance of the Mohawk, work of fiction, Charles F. Hoffman, 1840
  • History of Alabama : and incidentally of Georgia and Mississippi, from the earliest period, Albert J. Pickett, 1851
  • History of Baptist Indian missions : embracing remarks on the former and present condition of the aboriginal tribes, Isaac McCoy, 1840
  • History of the Old Cheraws; containing an account of the aborigines of the Pedee, [from 1730 to 1810] Right Rev. Alexander Gregg, 1910
  • Indian biography; or, An historical account of those individuals who have been distinguished among the North American natives as orators, warriors, statesmen, and other remarkable characters B.B. Thatcher, 1834
  • Information respecting the history, condition and prospects of the Indian tribes of the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs and Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, 1847
  • The Iroquois; or, The bright side of Indian character Minnie Myrtle [pseud.], 1855
  • North American Indians; being letters and notes on their manners, customs, and conditions, written during eight years' travel George Catlin, 1832-1839
Politics
  • Microfilm: South Carolina Tresury Ledgers and Journals, 1791-1865 , 1970
  • Microfilm: Records of the states of the United States of America. a microfilm compilation/ South Carolina, 1949
  • Ware Family Papers - Oath of Loyalty to US government
  • Microfilm in General Collection: South Carolina politics: 1816-1833, Philip Frederick Wild, 1976
  • The American review: a Whig journal of politics, literature, art, and science, 1845-1850
  • Microfilm: Southern Nationalists and Southern Nationalism, 1850-1870, Lester Bruce Baltimore, 1969
  • Alarming disclosures!: Secret proceedings in the Senate of South Carolina: The victim of persecution at the stake, 1857
  • The address of the people of South Carolina assembled in convention, to the people of the slaveholding states of the United States 1860
  • The Connecticut Courant newspaper, May 12, 1860. Article, “The Seceders Convention” – describes the attendees and events of the 1860 Democratic Presidential convention held in Charleston, SC.
  • The Connecticut Courant newspaper, May 12, 1860. Article, “Speculations” – Discusses the Democratic Presidential candidate Stephen A. Douglas, and the affect of Southern voters on the Democratic party.
  • Charleston Daily Courier newspaper, May 17, 1860. “Letter from Howell Cobb”- Congressman and Secessionist Howell Cobb’s opinions on the Union.
  • South Carolina Secession Ordnance, facsimile
  • Echoes from the South, Comprising the most important speeches, proclamations, and public acts, 1866
  • A belle of the fifties; memoirs of Mrs. Clay of Alabama, covering social and political life in Washington and the South, 1853-66, editor by Ada Sterling, 1904
  • American Bastille: A history of Illegal Arrests, John Marshall, 2004
  • The Essential Lincoln, Speeches and Correspondence, Orville Vernon Burton, , 2009
Race Relations
  • Indigenous races of the earth; or, New chapters of ethnological inquiry; including monographs on special departments, J C. Nott
  • Charleston Courier newspaper, August 13, 1806. Has several advertisements for the sale of slaves, hiring of slaves, and rewards for runaway slaves.
  • New Hampshire Patriot newspaper, July 30, 1816. Article, “Insurrection of the Negros”, describes a slave insurrection in Camden, South Carolina.
  • Daily National Intelligence , Washington D.C. newspaper, August 7, 1827. This paper contains advertisements for a reward for the capture of a runaway slave, and the sale of a runaway slave.
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 - contains 17 varying advertisements for the sale and hire of slaves.
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 article, “State of South Carolina”- notice describing a new ordinance on taxing property in Charleston. A Section includes a brief mention of Slaves and their liability to taxation.
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 article, “State of South Carolina”- about an ordinance to repeal the second section of a previous Ordinance, “An Ordinance to Repeal the Ordinance Requiring Public Sales to be made at the Slave Mart, and to prohibit the sale of slaves at public auction, in any street, lane, or unclosed lot.”
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 article, “Correspondence to the Mercury”- letter discusses a bill being reviewed by the Committee of Territories in Washington, that would prohibit the entering of slaves into D.C. The letter also gives the writer's opinion on the South’s responses to Northern aggression and abolitionists.
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 article, “Romantic but Sad Reality”-article about the murder of a slave boy by a “deranged” young white man in Virginia.
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 article, “Slave Census in Kentucky”
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 article, “City Taxes” - The City Assessor mentions guidelines for listing slaves, and gives a specific date range to be contacted by free people of color.
  • The Connecticut Courant newspaper, May 12, 1860. Article, “Fugitive Slave Case in Boston –The Slave found secreted on board a steamer –He Sent Back to his Master” - The story of a fugitive slave from Charleston, SC.
  • Charleston Daily Courier newspaper, May 17, 1860. This paper contains several advertisements for the sale of slaves, and several advertisements seeking to hire black workers.
  • Charleston Daily Courier newspaper, May 17, 1860. Article, “the M.E General conference and the Slavery Question”- relates that members of the M.E. Church in Pennsylvania petitioned the church’s General Conference to bar membership to slaveholders.
  • Charleston Daily Courier newspaper, May 17, 1860. Article, “The negros at Key West”- A New York Herald correspondent describes the refugee camp of Africans liberated from 3 slave ships that were docked in Florida. The correspondent describes them as festive, and views them more favorably than the native slave population. The article also discusses plans to ship them to Liberia, the West African country established for liberated American Slaves. The correspondent laments their return to “barbarism” and advocates a continued colony in Key West.
  • Microfilm in General Collection: Negro artisan in the South Atlantic States, 1800-1860 a study of satus and economic opportunity with special reference, Leonard P. Stavisky, 1958
  • New-York Tribune newspaper, February 19, 1862. Article, “Light on the Slavery Question. The Negroes in South Carolina. Report of a Government Agent” – Report written on the liberated Sea Island slaves of South Carolina and their treatment from the Union Army by Edward L. Pierce.
  • New-York Tribune newspaper, February 19, 1862. Article, “The Negroes at Port Royal” – References the report by Edward L. Pierce and provides some details on the Sea Island slaves.
  • New-York Tribune newspaper, February 19, 1862. Article, “Slavery Agitation –Shall it be stopped!” – Article arguing against reconciliation with the Confederacy before victory, because the institution of slavery led to agitation and social disruption.
  • Reports of the Committee on the Conduct of the War: Fort Pillow Massacre; Returned Prisoners, House of Representatives, 1864
  • Microfilm in General Collection: Southern Negroes, 1877-1929 the outsiders view, Alton Hornsby, 1969
  • Abstracts of Extant Greenville, South Carolina, Newspapers Concerning Black People, Free and Slave, 1826-1865, Anne K. McCuen, 2000
  • South Carolina $5 bank note, The Bank of Hamburg, 1860. Has the image of a young male slave working with a white man, and other figures working in a field.
Slavery
  • Charleston Courier newspaper, August 13, 1806. Has several advertisements for the sale of slaves, hiring of slaves, and rewards for runaway slaves.
  • New Hampshire Patriot newspaper, July 30, 1816. Article, “Insurrection of the Negros”, describes a slave insurrection in Camden, South Carolina.
  • Daily National Intelligence , Washington D.C. newspaper, August 7, 1827. This paper contains advertisements for a reward for the capture of a runaway slave, and the sale of a runaway slave.
  • Correspondence, between the Hon. F. H. Elmore, one of the South Carolina delegation in Congress, and James G. Birney, one of the secretaries of the American anti-slavery society , 1838
  • Ware Family Papers deeds of sale, valuation of slaves 1838-1842
  • Weaver letters regarding contested ownership of slaves in VA, 1844, Small Manuscripts Box 1
  • Sale of 13 slaves, Darlington County, 1847 South Caroliniana Primary Documents, Box 7
  • The Southern Baptist newspaper, Saturday, June 12, 1847 article, "The Bible among the slaves"
  • The Southern Baptist newspaper, Monday, June 14, 1847 article on emancipated slave emigration to Liberia
  • The Southern Baptist newspaper, Saturday, June 26, 1847 article, "Religious instruction of the colored population"
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 - contains 17 varying advertisements for the sale and hire of slaves.
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 article, “State of South Carolina”- notice describing a new ordinance on taxing property in Charleston. A Section includes a brief mention of Slaves and their liability to taxation.
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 article, “State of South Carolina”- about an ordinance to repeal the second section of a previous Ordinance, “An Ordinance to Repeal the Ordinance Requiring Public Sales to be made at the Slave Mart, and to prohibit the sale of slaves at public auction, in any street, lane, or unclosed lot.”
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 article, “Correspondence to the Mercury”- letter discusses a bill being reviewed by the Committee of Territories in Washington, that would prohibit the entering of slaves into D.C. The letter also gives the writer's opinion on the South’s responses to Northern aggression and abolitionists.
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 article, “Romantic but Sad Reality”-article about the murder of a slave boy by a “deranged” young white man in Virginia.
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 article, “Slave Census in Kentucky”
  • The Charleston Mercury newspaper, January 15, 1849 article, “City Taxes” - The City Assessor mentions guidelines for listing slaves, and gives a specific date range to be contacted by free people of color.
  • The Southern Baptist newspaper, Wednesday, November 9, 1853: emancipation in England
  • The Southern Baptist newspaper, Wednesday, December 28, 1853: article on emancipated slave emigration; criticizes slave trade
  • The Connecticut Courant newspaper, May 12, 1860. Article, “Fugitive Slave Case in Boston –The Slave found secreted on board a steamer –He Sent Back to his Master” - The story of a fugitive slave from Charleston, SC.
  • Charleston Daily Courier newspaper, May 17, 1860. Article, “the M.E General conference and the Slavery Question”- relates that members of the M.E. Church in Pennsylvania petitioned the church’s General Conference to bar membership to slaveholders.
  • Charleston Daily Courier newspaper, May 17, 1860. Article, “The negros at Key West”- A New York Herald correspondent describes the refugee camp of Africans liberated from 3 slave ships that were docked in Florida. The correspondent describes them as festive, and views them more favorably than the native slave population. The article also discusses plans to ship them to Liberia, the West African country established for liberated American Slaves. The correspondent laments their return to “barbarism” and advocates a continued colony in Key West.
  • Harper's Weekly map, Nov. 23, 1861, showing proportion of slaves in each county
  • New-York Tribune newspaper, February 19, 1862. Article, “Light on the Slavery Question. The Negroes in South Carolina. Report of a Government Agent” – Report written on the liberated Sea Island slaves of South Carolina and their treatment from the Union Army by Edward L. Pierce.
  • New-York Tribune newspaper, February 19, 1862. Article, “The Negroes at Port Royal” – References the report by Edward L. Pierce and provides some details on the Sea Island slaves.
  • New-York Tribune newspaper, February 19, 1862. Article, “Slavery Agitation –Shall it be stopped!” – Article arguing against reconciliation with the Confederacy before victory, because the institution of slavery led to agitation and social disruption.
  • Appeal to the Christian women of the South, A. E. Grimké, 1836
  • Mary Bridges Barr Family Collection (1863-1898): Correspondence between members of the Bridges/Barr family- includes discussion of slaves returning after emancipation.
  • Black Bicentennial Collector's Issue, JET Magazine, July 8, 1976
  • Abstracts of Extant Greenville, South Carolina, Newspapers Concerning Black People, Free and Slave, 1826-1865, Anne K. McCuen, 2000
  • Baptist faith in action : the private writings of Maria Baker Taylor, 1813-1895, Kathryn Carlisle Schwartz, 2003
  • Birthing a Slave: Motherhood and Medicine in the Antebellum South, Marie Jenkins Schwartz, 2006
  • Life of William Grimes, the runaway slave, William L. Andrews and Regina E. Mason, 2008
  • Web Resource: Voices from the Days of Slavery: Former Slaves Tell Their Stories from the Library of Congress American Memory Collection
  • Web Resource: Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-1938 from the Library of Congress American Memory Collection
  • Web Resource: Slaves and the Courts: 1740-1860, from the Library of Congress American Memory Collection
  • Web Resource: Manuscript collections documenting American slavery , and the slave trade in the Atlantic world from the New York Historical Society
  • South Carolina $5 bank note, The Bank of Hamburg, 1860. Has the image of a young male slave working with a white man, and other figures working in a field.
South
  • Microfilm: South's experiment with protective tariffs, 1816-1820, Norris Watson Preyer, 1954
  • Mary Bridges Barr Family Collection (1863-1898): correspondence between members of Barr/Bridges family who lived throughout the South.
  • Microfilm: After half a generation: the South of the 1880s, John Ervin Buser, 1968
Urban Life/Boosterism
  • Crymes, Thomas Papers - 1 box, includes description of Greenville, 1867
  • Health resorts of the South: most desirable health and pleasure resorts of the Southern states [section on Greenville], George H. Chapin, 1893

War
  • Charles Manning & Frances Garden Furman - Civil War Correspondence (1861-1865)
  • Samuel McBride Pringle - 2 boxes, Furman student, 1859-1861, Civil War correspondence
  • Furman University Historical Records, RG 45 005A - Faculty Reports, 1861
  • Ware Family Papers - Confederate government loan, 1863
  • Thea Furman Manuscript Collection - 19thc ledger includes examples of Confederate money
  • Basil Manly, Sr., Papers - military pass, 1864
  • Furman University Historical Records, RG 45 0005A, Faculty Report re: reopening of school, 1866
  • An inquiry into the accordancy of war with the principles of Christianity, Jonathan Dymond. With a dedication to Sunday school teachers and scholars, and notes, by Thomas Smith Grimké, 1834
  • Reports of the Committee on the Conduct of the War: Fort Pillow Massacre; Returned Prisoners, House of Representatives, 1864
  • The Rebellion record : a diary of American events, with documents, narratives, illustrative incidents, poetry Frank Moore, editor, 1861-1868.
  • The Confederate Baptist re: prisons and prisoners July and Dec. 1863; April, June, and Dec. 1864
  • The ordnance manual for the use of the officers of the Confederate States Army prepared under the direction of Col. J. Gorgas, 1863
  • Confederate Soldier's Eloquent War, A, Annotation by Mickey Beckham, 2008
  • Prisoner of State [Union Prisoner of War], D.A. Mahony, 1863
  • The Confederate soldier in the Civil War, 1861-1865 prefaced by a eulogy by Major-General Fitzhugh Lee ; edited by Ben LaBree, c.1894
  • Remembrances of the Civil War: the notebook of John F. Lanneau, Captain, Brooks Troop, Hampton Legion, South Carolina, June 1861- June 1862 compiled by the late Donald H. Sage, 1960
  • The Rebellion record: a diary of American events, with documents, narratives, illustrative incidents, poetry editor by Frank Moore, 1861-1865
  • Three months in the Southern States, Arthur J.L. Fremantle, British citizen traveling in the South, April-June 1863
  • The prisoner of state, D.A. Mahony, 1863, Mahony was the Democratic editor of the Dubuque, Iowa Herald arrested w/o explanation by the U.S. War Department in 1862. Mahony describes the persecution of Lincoln's dissenters and conditions of political prisoners.
  • The early life, campaigns, and public services of Robert E. Lee, by a distinguished southern journalist J. H. Hummel, 1870
  • Reminiscences of the War, C. J. Wood, 1880
  • The Palmetto Riflemen, James A. Hoyt, 1885
  • Destruction and reconstruction : personal experiences of the late war, by Richard Taylor, 1900
  • Reminiscences of a Private, Frank M. Mixson, 1910
  • The history of a brigade of South Carolinians, known first as "Gregg's" and subsequently as "McGowan's brigade" J.F.J. Caldwell, 1951
  • Advance and retreat. Personal experiences in the United States and Confederate States armies, J. B. Hood Published for the Hood Orphan Memorial Fund [by] G. T. Beauregard, 1880
  • American Bastille: A History of the Illegal Arrests and Imprisonment of American Citizens in the Northern and Border States on Account of Their Political Opinions During the Late Civil War (2 volumes), John A. Marshall and John A. O'Neill, 1883 (reprinted)
  • Confederate view of the treatment of prisoners, Rev. J. William Jones, D. D., secretary Southern Historical Society 1876
  • The Photographic History of the Civil War, Vol. 1, 1911 - DLL office
  • A Confederate surgeon's letters to his wife Spencer Glasgow Welch, 1954
  • South Carolina's African American Confederate pensioners, 1923-1925, Alexia Jones Helsley, 1998
  • A Fire-Eater Remembers: The Confederate Memoir of Robert Barnwell Rhett, edited William C. Davis, 2000
  • A History of the 15th South Carolina Infantry, 1861-1865,James B. Clary, 2007
  • Bold Cautious True: Walt Whitman and American Art of the Civil War Era, Kevin Sharp, 2009
  • South Carolina Women: Their Lives and Times, volume 2, Edited by Marjorie Julian Spruill, Valinda W. Littlefield, and Joan Marie Johnson, 2009
  • An Inquiry into the Accordancy of War, By Thomas Smith Grimke, 1834
  • Internet Resource see: UNC Gilmer Civil War Map Collection
  • Internet Resource see: Selected Civil War Photographs from the Library of Congress American Memory Collection
  • Internet Resource See: Civil War Treasures from the New York Historical Society from the Library of Congress American Memory Collection - Includes recruiting posters for New York City regiments of volunteers; stereographic views documenting the mustering of soldiers and of popular support for the Union in New York City; photography showing the war's impact, both in the north and south; and drawings and writings by ordinary soldiers on both sides
  • Internet Resource: Band Music from the Civil War Era from the Library of Congress American Memory Collection
  • Internet Resource: Civil War-Era Letters of the Neves Family of Greenville County, correspondence between members of the Neves family, residents of the Mush Creek community, who sent three sons to fight in the Civil War. Available digitally through Clemson University's South Carolina Digital Library.
  • Internet Resource: Selected Civil War-Era Pamphlets, selected pamphlets from the Greenville County Library System, available digitally through Clemson University's South Carolina Digital Library.
Women
    Manuscript and Archival Sources
  • Ware Family Papers, Box 1, property rights 1807-1826, costs of education 1850-1856
  • Thursday Club Papers, Box 9, "Women at War" [Civil War] paper given April 2008
  • Judson, Charles Hallette– 3 boxes, Furman prof, President Greenville Woman's College, papers 1853-1907
  • Greenville Woman's College Collection 14 boxes: Publications, administrative, student records and photographs, 1850-1900
  • Mary Bridges Barr Family Collection: correspondence between members of Barr/Bridges family- mostly women (1863-1898).
  • Mary A. Roe Collection, Courtship correspondence, 1873-1875
  • Women's 19th century Popular Magazine Collection - single issues 1875, 1898
  • Paula Feldman 19th century Education Collection
  • Greenville Woman's College photographs - late 19thc-PastPerfect
  • Women's Missionary Union of the South Carolina Baptist Convention, 1890
  • Reedy River Baptist Association minutes comments re: role of women, 1880 to 1930

  • Books and Published Sources
  • The Governess; or The Little Female Academy. Calculated for the Entertainment and Instruction of Young Ladies in their Education, David Simple, 1789
  • History of the Women's Missionary Union Alma Hunt, 1964
  • Constitution of the Female Benevolent Society of Society Hill Printed by the Society by J. Hoff, 1818
  • 80 Godey's Full Color Fashion Plates, 1838-1880
  • Godey's Lady's Book, 1842-1882, scattered volumes
  • Harper's Bazaar, 1881
  • Hints on female education: with an outline of an institution for the education of females , 1828
  • An address before the students of the Johnson Female Seminary at Anderson, S.C. August, 1850 James C. Furman
  • Woman: her true mission and education, An address delivered before the Baptist Female College of Greenville, 1858
  • Americans in Paris, 1860-1900, Kathleen Adler, Erica E. Hirshler, H. Barbara Weinberg, 2006
  • The Young Lady's Guide, American Tract Society, c1870
  • Sex in education: or, A fair chance for girls Edward H. Clarke, 1873
  • Mrs. Hill's Southern Cookery and Receipt Book very influential Cookbook, 1872
  • The Carolina Housewife Cookbook, 1874
  • Costumes of All Nations, W. Duke, Sons and Co. images of famous women to advertise cigarettes, 1888
  • A looking-glass for Ladies: American Protestant women and the Orient in the nineteenth century Lisa Joy Pruitt, c2005
  • Academy and College: The history of the woman's college of Furman University, Judith T. Bainbridge, 2001
  • A History of Popular Women's Magazines in the United States, 1792-1995, Mary Ellen Zuckerman, 1998
  • Southern Baptist Sisters: In search of status, 1845-2000, David T. Morgan, 2003
  • Out in public: configurations of women's bodies in nineteenth-century America, Alison Piepmeier, c2004, General Collection
  • Victorian fashions and costumes from Harper's Bazar, 1867-1898, Stella Blum, 1974 DLL office
  • Women adventurers,1750-1900 : a biographical dictionary, with excerpts from selected travel writings Mary F. McVicker, 2008
  • Women and Children First: Nineteenth-Century Sea Narratives and American Identity, Robin Miskolcze, 2007
  • Antebellum women: private, public, partisan, Carol Lasser and Stacey Robertson, 2010
II. Materials Covering Multiple Categories
  • Furman Family, Richard Furman and James C. Furman Collections
  • Ware Family Papers
  • McKoy Scrapbook Collection - Greenville and South Carolina History
  • Mary A. Roe Courtship Collection, 1873-1875
  • Small Manuscripts Oversize Box 1
  • The Southern Baptist and General Intelligencer a/k/a/ The Southern Baptist 1835-1867, scattered issues
  • The Primitive Baptist, Jan-May 1838
  • The Columbian Star and Christian Index, July 1829-Dec. 1830, July 1831-June 1833
  • The Yankee Blade, August 1848 - August 1849
  • The Confederate Baptist, Oct. 1862-Dec. 1864
  • The Weekly Register/Niles Weekly Register
  • The American review: a Whig journal of politics, literature, art, and science 1845-1852
  • Frank Leslie's Illustrated, Nov. 24, 1860 - Nov. 16, 1861 and Sept 24, 1864 - Dec. 30, 1865
  • The Yankee Blade, 1868 to 1869
  • Putnam's monthly magazine of American literature, science and art, 1853-1870
  • Godey's Lady's Book, 1842-1882, scattered volumes
  • The American almanac and repository of useful knowledge 1830-1853, 1861
  • The Working Christian, The Baptist Courier 1869 to present
  • The United States Census 1800, 1810, 1820, 1840
  • Register of Debates in US Congress, 1825-1837microform, General Collection
  • Harper's Bazaar, 1881
  • See also: Baptist Newspapers and Periodicals (website)

For additional information on locating Primary Sources see: Nineteenth Century American Primary Sources