Stained glass window
Janho Coin Collection
A bronze-colored medallion
with Arabic script and a floral border
From the Janho Coin Collection
Click image to enlarge

Title:Janho Coin Collection
Creator: Janho family
Provenance: This collection was donated to the University in 1985 by Furman alumnus Khalil Janho '75.
Date Range: c. 3100 BCE to c. 640 CE
Languages: various
Extent: 117 coins
Restrictions: None
Abstract: Most coins originate from provinces of the Roman Empire, with a few pieces from ancient Greece and Judaea, one from medieval Arabia, and one from 20th-century Palestine.
Location: Artifact Shelves

  • 08.05.099 - 08.05.109 -- Roman provincial coins from Arabia during the reign of Hadrian (117 - 138 CE). Obverse depicts portrait bust of Hadrian with the imperial inscription in Greek (which translates: Imperator Caesar Trajan Hadrian Augustus). Reverse shows the city goddess suckling two babes with the inscription "Arabia" in Greek.
  • 08.05.109 -- Greek Hemiobol of Alexander the Great, minted in Asia minor c. 320 BCE. Obverse shows depiction of head of Herakles (Hercules) wearing lion skin, which was used as a representation of Alexander. Reverse depicts a club and bow case with the name "Alexander" in Greek in the center.
  • 08.05.110 - 08.05.114 -- Roman Provincial bronze coins of Titus, c. 70 CE. Commemorates Judaea Capta (the capture of Jerusalem). Obverse depicts portrait head of Titus with Greek inscription which translates: Caesar Imperator Titus. Reverse depicts Nike, goddess of Victory, inscribing a shield with a date palm on the right. Minted in Palestine.
  • 08.05.115 -- Roman Provincial bronze coin of Hadrian (117-138 CE). Obverse depicts portrait bust of Hadrian with Greek inscription which translates to: Hadrian Caesar Augustus. Reverse shows a winged Nike holding a palm branch and a wreath. The reverse also has a Greek inscription.
  • 08.05.116 -- Roman Provincial bronze coin of Hadrian (117-138 CE). Obverse depicts portrait bust of Hadrian with Greek inscription, which is only partially legible. On the reverse is a standing figure of Apollo leaning on a tripod, holding a lyre. There is also an inscription on the reverse.
  • 08.05.117 -- Roman provincial coin from Arabia during the reign of Hadrian (117 - 138 CE). Obverse depicts portrait bust of Hadrian with the imperial inscription in Greek (which translates: Imperator Caesar Trajan Hadrian Augustus). Reverse shows the city goddess suckling two babes with the inscription "Arabia" in Greek.
  • 08.05.118 - 08.05.119 -- Bronze Roman provincial coin of unknown date. Obverse shows portrait head surrounded by an unreadable inscription; the reverse depicts the winged Nike, goddess of Victory, holding a wreath in one hand and what is likely a palm branch in the other. There is also an inscription on the reverse.
  • 08.05.120 -- Bronze Roman provincial coin, probably of Domitian, c. 81-96 CE. Imperial portrait of Domitian on obverse, with Greek inscription; Date palm on reverse with several Greek letters. A phi and omega can clearly be seen, and several more are visible, but very faded. Possibly commemorates the capture of Judaea in 70 AD.
Reverse of a Roman Provincial coin
Depicting Nike, goddess of Victory, inscribing a shield with a date palm on the right
Click image to enlarge

  • 08.05.121 - 08.05.122 -- Unidentifiable ancient coins.
  • 08.05.123 -- Roman provincial coin of emperor Trajan from Caesaria; dates from 98-117 CE. Silver tridrachm. Obverse depicts portrait bust of Trajan with Greek inscription, which translates: Imp(erator) Caes(ar) Ner(va) Trajan Aug(ustus) Germ(anicus) Dac(icus). Trajan incorporated the last name, Dacicus, as an honorary title after conquering Dacia. Reverse depicts personification of Arabia, standing with branch in right hand and sheathed sword in left hand; a camel stands next to her. Translation of Greek inscription: Tribunicia Potestate Consul; these were offices held by Trajan.
  • 08.05.124 -- Roman provincial bronze coin of emperor Claudius from Judaea under the procurators. Obverse depicts crossed palm branches with a Greek inscription that translates: Caesar Germ(anicus) Ti(berius) Claudius. The reverse has an inscription in Greek surrounded by laurel leaves; the inscription translates: Julia Agrippina [who was the last of Claudius' four wives]. The coin dates to 54 CE - incidentally, the same year that Claudius was poisoned by the wife named on the coin.
  • 08.05.125 -- Roman Provincial coin of Judaea, minted during the reign of Herod Agrippa I. Obverse shows an umbrella, with a Greek inscription which translates: Agrippa King. Reverse depicts three heads of barley with the letter L. Dates from 41-44 CE.
  • 08.05.126 -- Roman provincial bronze coin of Judaea under the procurators, during the reign of Claudius. Obverse shows two oblong crossed shields and two crossed spears. The Greek inscription translates to: Caesar Nero Clau(dius). The reverse depicts a date palm with the inscription "BRIT" which could very possibly be a reference to Claudius' son Britannicus. Coin dates to 54 CE.
  • 08.05.127 -- Ancient coin, probably of Ptolemy II Philadelphus from 285-246 BCE. The obverse is some type of portrait, probably either of Ptolemy II or of Alexander the Great. The reverse shows an eagle standing on thunderbolts.
  • 08.05.128 -- Ancient coin, probably Late Roman Imperial (probably from 4th century CE). Obverse depicts imperial portrait head with Latin inscription. Reverse shows two people facing each other; probably the god Jupiter presenting Victory standing on a globe to the emperor.
  • 08.05.129 -- Ancient coin, probably Late Roman Imperial (probably from 4th century CE). Obverse depicts imperial portrait (possibly of Constans?) with inscription; reverse is obscured.
  • 08.05.130 -- Ancient Roman coin of Judaea, minted during the reign of Herod Agrippa I (41-44 CE). Obverse depicts umbrella with a Greek inscription which translates to "Agrippa King". Reverse shows three heads of barley with what appears to be the letter L.
Obverse of a Roman Provincial coin
Depicting a portrait bust of Trajan with a Greek inscription, which translates:
Imp(erator) Caes(ar) Ner(va) Trajan Aug(ustus) Germ(anicus) Dac(icus).
Click image to enlarge

  • 08.05.131 -- Ancient coin, probably Greek. Obverse depicts a helmeted portrait head, probably representing the goddess Athena. The reverse appears to have the standing figure of a person.
  • 08.05.132 -- Unidentified ancient coin.
  • 08.05.133 -- Unidentified ancient coin. Inscription on reverse, probably Greek.
  • 08.05.134 -- Unidentified ancient coin. Some design visible on one side, but not enough to identify the coin.
  • 08.05.135 -- Unidentified ancient coin. Part of an inscription is visible on one side - possibly Arabic, or another Near Eastern language.
  • 08.05.136 -- Unidentified ancient coin. Possibly portrays a temple on the reverse.
  • 08.05.137 -- Unidentified ancient coin. Outline of portrait head visible on obverse, and perhaps a standing figure on the reverse.
  • 08.05.138 -- Unidentified ancient coin.
  • 08.05.139 -- Unidentified ancient coin. Possibly a temple on one side and a quadriga on the other.
  • 08.05.140 -- Unidentified ancient coin.
  • 08.05.141 -- Unidentified ancient coin. Appears to be some type of building on one side, and a person kneeling on the other side.
  • 08.05.142 -- Unidentified ancient coin. Appears to be an inscription on one side.
  • 08.05.143 -- Unidentified ancient coin.
  • 08.05.144 -- Unidentified ancient coin. Outline of portrait head visible on obverse; reverse mostly obscured.
  • 08.05.145 - 08.05.146 -- Unidentified ancient coins.
  • 08.05.147 -- Coin of Judaea, minted during the reign of Herod Agrippa I (41-44 CE). Obverse depicts umbrella with a Greek inscription which translates to "Agrippa King". Reverse shows three heads of barley with what appears to be the letter L.
  • 08.05.148 - 08.05.159 Unidentified ancient coins.
  • 08.05.160 -- Unidentified ancient coin. Some kind of inscription on one side.
  • 08.05.161 -- Unidentified ancient coin. A portrait head can barely be seen on one side.
  • 08.05.162 - 08.05.164 -- Unidentified ancient coins.
  • 08.05.165 -- Unidentified ancient coin. Some kind of inscription is on one side.
  • 08.05.166 -- Unidentified ancient coin.
  • 08.05.167 -- Unidentified ancient coin. A large letter which looks like an "M" or "W" is on one side; some type of design visible on opposite side.
  • 08.05.168 -- Unidentified ancient coin.
  • 08.05.169 -- Coin of Judaea, minted during the reign of Herod Agrippa I (41-44 CE). Obverse depicts umbrella with a Greek inscription which translates to "Agrippa King". Reverse shows three heads of barley with what appears to be the letter L.
  • 08.05.170 -- Unidentified ancient coin.
Obverse of a Roman Provincial coin
Depicting a portrait bust of Hadrian with a Greek inscription, which translates:
Imperator Caesar Trajan Hadrian Augustus.
Click image to enlarge

  • 08.05.171 -- Unidentified ancient coin. Silver with some inscription or design visible.
  • 08.05.172 -- Unidentified ancient coin.
  • 08.05.173 - 08.05.174 -- Roman Provincial coins from Judaea under the procurators during the time of Nero. Obverse depicts a palm branch, and the reverse is inscribed with "Nero" in Greek. Dates from 58-59 CE.
  • 08.05.175 -- Unidentified ancient coin.
  • 08.05.176 - 08.05.177 -- Unidentified ancient coins.
  • 08.05.178 -- Unidentified ancient coin. There appears to be a standing figure on one side, extending arm.
  • 08.05.179 -- Unidentified ancient coin.
  • 08.05.180 -- Unidentified ancient coin. There appears to be some type of design on one side, perhaps a portrait head.
  • 08.05.181 - 08.05.192 -- Unidentified ancient coins.
  • 08.05.193 -- Unidentified ancient coin. Design somewhat visible on both sides.
  • 08.05.194 -- Unidentified ancient coin. Some type of inscription visible on both sides.
  • 08.05.195 - 08.05.198 -- Unidentified ancient coins.
  • 08.05.199 -- Unidentified ancient coin. Design visible on one side.
  • 08.05.200 -- Ancient Roman imperial coin, probably from the fourth century CE. Fortress with inscription visible on one side.
  • 08.05.201 -- Unidentified ancient coin. Portrait head visible on the obverse and what appears to be a standing figure on the reverse.
  • 08.05.202 -- Ancient coin, probably Roman. Portrait head visible on obverse; inscription in laurel wreath on reverse.
  • 08.05.203 -- Ancient coin, probably Roman. Portrait head visible on obverse; perhaps a human figure on the reverse.
  • 08.05.204 -- Ancient coin, probably Roman. Portrait head visible on obverse; standing human figure on reverse.
  • 08.05.205 -- Unidentified ancient coin. Some design visible on one side.
  • 08.05.206 -- Unidentified ancient coin. Inscription visible on one side; possibly Greek, but could be a Near Eastern language.
  • 08.05.207 -- Unidentified ancient coin.
  • 08.05.208 -- Small silver coin with some sort of inscription on it, probably of Eastern origin.
  • 08.05.209 -- Rectangular coin with inscriptions on both sides; possibly Greek, but could be a language of Eastern origin.
  • 08.05.210 -- Irregularly shaped ancient coin; designs partially visible on both sides.
  • 08.05.211 -- Modern coin from Palestine; dated 1939. Worth 1 mil. Depicts palm branch on one side and has Palestine 1939 inscribed in both English and Arabic on the opposite side.
  • 08.05.212 -- 1/4 of a silver Arabic coin, possibly dating 715-717 CE. Inscriptions and designs visible on both sides.
  • 08.05.213 -- Bronze-colored medallion. Appears to have Arabic script on one side, with a floral design around the border on both sides. Has a hole in the top, presumably for a chain or string to wear as a necklace.
  • 08.05.214 -- Gold-colored medallion with a hole at the top for a chain or string. Design and script visible on both sides; probably Arabic in origin.
  • 08.05.215 -- part of a ring; looks to be possible some sort of signet ring.
  • 08.05.216 -- two intersected metallic rings; looks to have been part of a necklace.

Story of the Janho Family

by Caroline Vereen, spring 2010

The story of the Janho family, who generously donated a large portion of their antiquities collection to Furman, is almost as incredible as the artifacts themselves. As a wealthy and influential family of Palestinian Christians, the Janhos endured many hardships while living in the West Bank city of Ramallah. Khalil Janho’s father Abdul-Nur Janho was a “middle man” who did not identify with the cause of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) or agree with Israeli officials who ignored the Palestinians living on the West Bank. In February of 1978, after Khalil and his brother Rajae, ’77, had graduated from Furman, the PLO gunned down and assassinated Abdul-Nur for his cooperation with the Zionist occupation authority and his statements against the PLO. Around 1,500 people attended his funeral.

Seven years later, in May of 1985 Khalil donated the antiquities in the Janho Artifact and Coin Collection to Furman. These artifacts represent only a portion of those that Khalil and his father had collected over the years, however, before Khalil could send more to Furman, the Israeli government confiscated all of the family’s antiquities, pottery, over 100 pounds in silver, and $600,000 in cash claiming that the Janhos had no right to any of it. Prior to this action the Israeli police arrested and held both Khalil and his mother Anna Janho for questioning, accusing them of acting as go-betweens in helping residents of the occupied territories obtain special privileges. Anna was held for six days in a cell with no light or water but was not brutalized. Khalil was held for twenty-two days in a room with 24-hour lighting and only cold water, interrogated, and beaten when he did not respond. During the questioning, two of his teeth were broken and he was stabbed in the lower abdomen with a writing pen.

The Janhos represent only one incredible family among many in the Furman community who chose to give generously to the University. Today Khalil still lives in Ramallah, while his brother Rajae lives in the United States and practices medicine.