During the years between 1860 and 1865, Greenville, Furman University, and the women's college were altered from the situations they knew in the antebellum years. The concept of secession and the Civil War changed the culture and lifestyle that the South was accustomed to since the Colonial Era. Greenville avidly participated in the seccession movement and was greatly affected by the economic situation of the war as well as the loss of males to the Confederate ranks. Due to the war, Furman University was forced to close leaving students, faculty, and staff with few options other than to participate in the war effort. Campus life before the war was totally different than it is today, inside the classroom and out. The Greenville Baptist Female College was able to remain open throughout the war, and thus female education became more valued during and after the war. The changes Greenville and Furman experienced were no different then, but vastly representative of those experiences by most southeners. A thorough understanding of the details of the Upstate of South Carolina leads to a grasp of the complex issues and decisions that prevaded this era.