Oil lamp from the 5th century
Nineteenth Century American Artifacts
I. Art
Painting, 1817-1869 (08.02.167)
  • Painting of Trenton Falls by Julius Kummer (1817-1869)
  • Born Dresden, Saxony, Germany 1817, died probably St. Louis, MO after 1869
  • Landscape painter of the Western Plains and the Rocky Mountains during the 1860s, lithographer
  • Kummer studied at the Dresden Academy 1832-35. Six of his landscapes of the Dresden vicinity are in the museum there.
  • A refugee of the Revolution of 1848, he emigrated to NYC, moving to Brooklyn and Boston before settling in St. Louis after 1860
  • In 1868 his Twelve Views of the Rocky Mountains were reviewed in a St. Louis newspaper.
  • Painting of Trenton Falls (NY) - one of most popular places to paint in 19th century
Painting, 1823-1894 (08.02.028)
  • Painting of a cow's head by William Hart
  • By William Hart (1823-1894). Born in Paisley, Scotland 1823; died in Mt. Vernon, NY 1894
  • Specialty, landscapes with cattle
  • For several years he traveled throughout Michigan as an itinerant painter doing portraits before going to Europe to study.
  • From 1852 on he kept a studio in New York City
  • Elected to National Academy, 1858
  • Moved to Brooklyn and became the first president of the Brooklyn Academy of Design in 1865. He was also a founder of the American Watercolor Society.
  • Represented at the Metropolitan Museum by “Scene at Napanock” and “Seashore Morning.”
Painting, 1828-1898 (L2006.001.10)
  • By William Mason Brown (1828 – 1898)
  • Among a very elite group of artists equally adept at landscape painting as well as still-life painting.
  • He was born in upstate New York in Troy, where he also began his art studies under Thomas Grinnell and later with the portraitist, Abel B. Moore.
  • In 1850 he followed Moore to Newark, NJ, where he continued his art education.
  • After his apprenticeship portraitist period was complete he began to paint landscapes, inspired by Thomas Cole and the romantic artists of the Hudson River School.
  • As the period of his landscape production largely covers the years of 1850 to 1869 his style of painting most resembles that of the Pre-Raphaelites.
  • He is best known for his still lifes, landscape and botanical paintings, and engravings.
Painting, 1831-1915 (08.02.161)
  • Painting of a stormy seascape by Harrison Bird Brown (1831-1915)
  • Born in Maine, 1831. He died in England where he had been living for several years, in March, 1915.
  • Marine painter; his best known paintings were of Casco Bay, Maine.
  • Began his career as a sign and banner painter; later owned his own shop.
  • Subjects included architecture, coastal views, landscape, marine, mountain landscape, portrait, and seascape. He is best known as a landscape, marine, portrait painter and survey artist.
  • Exhibited marine subjects at the National Academy of Design in New York in 1858, 1859, and 1860, as well as at the Boston Athenaeum and later at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition of 1876.
  • By 1860, he was praised as a leading American marine painter.
Painting, 1833-1899 (08.02.292)
  • Painting of a horse by Henry Van Ingen(1833-1899)
  • Genre painter
  • Born 1833 in Holland; died 1899
  • Worked in New York City from 1860
  • Van Ingen is best known for his genre, landscape, and farm animal paintings.
Painting, 1836-1897 (L2006.001.03)
  • Homer Dodge Martin (1836 - 1897)
  • American artist, particularly known for his landscapes
  • Born in Albany, NY his earlier works were aligned with the Hudson River School but it later morphed into more of a plein-air style that approximated impressionism especially once he moved to St. Paul, Minnesota.
Painting, 1840-1882 (08.02.297)
  • By Georg Nelson Cass (1825/31 - 1882)
  • For many years a resident of Boston.
  • He studied with Inness and painted landscapes in oil and water colors.
  • His pictures are generally owned in New England where they were popular. Among his works are “Evening on the Kennebeck River” and “A View in Medway, Mass.” He died in Boston in 1882.
  • Known for landscapes and still life
Painting, 1840-1910 (08.02.162)
  • Painting of country pasture by Richard L. Goodwin (1840-1910)
  • A trompe-l'oeil still life specialist, he favored large arrangements of hanging game, usually displayed against a rustic support
  • Born in Albany, the son of portrait painter Edwin Weyburn Goodwin (1800–45), he was wounded as a young man in the Civil War.
  • Subsequently he painted portraits in western New York State before turning to still life while living in Syracuse in the mid-1880s.
  • Goodwin resided in Washington, D.C., from 1890 to 1893 and then in Chicago for seven years.
  • For a number of years he traveled in California, Colorado, and Oregon to study game and landscape.
  • He was in Colorado Springs from 1900 to 1902 and later worked in several locations on the West Coast, including San Francisco, where he lost recent paintings in the earthquake and fire of 1906.
  • In addition to his many game compositions, Goodwin produced refined tabletop arrangements of fruit, as well as kitchen paintings that show foodstuffs in combination with utensils and furnishings.
  • He died in Orange, New Jersey, near Newark.
  • A New Jersey obituary called him “one of the most famous painters in the country,” but little has been written about him.
Painting, 1868 (08.02.486)
  • Sketch on the Schuylkill by Edward Moran, 19th century, English-born American, 1829-1901
  • Lived in New York and Philadelphia
  • Moran, who had been exhibiting with the Pennsylvania Academy since 1854, fell into violent disagreement with its board of directors in 1868 when he felt his works were given an unfavorable position in the annual exhibition.
  • He expressed his anger by cutting one of his paintings from its frame and covering others with an opaque (but removable) wash.
  • John Sartain, acting on behalf of the board, censured Moran until he formally apologized for his behavior.
  • Drawing widespread press coverage, the incident increased attendance at the academy, leading the directors of the academy to propose extending the exhibition.
  • Moran, however, withdrew his paintings on the appointed closing day and displayed them at a commercial gallery, which earned him even more publicity. Going further, he refused to apologize and resigned from the academy.
  • Brother of Thomas Moran, very well-known American painter
Painting, 1887 (08.02.146)
  • Fruit painting, peaches, grapes, champagne glass
  • Description on the back of frame reads: MOULTON (Frank), Born in Boston, 1849. As a Fruit Artist, he is wonderful; depicting with delicateness without falling into minuteness respecting the velvety appearance of the fruit. He makes the mouth water with his superb Grapes and Peaches, and one fancies to inhale their fragrance.
  • Frank B. Moulton (1847-1932). Methods: Easel Painting. Specialties: Landscape, Marine, Snowscene/Winterscape, miniature specialty. Medium: Oil Paint. Style: Realism/Representation.
  • Lived and Worked: Boston before 1900, Europe, Germany before 1900, Italy before WWI
  • Associations: Boston Art Club Member. Some Exhibitions at Boston Art Club. Attended German Academies before 1900.
Painting, c. 1889 (L2006.001.09)
  • Label attached to the frame reads: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Broad and Cherry Streets, Philadelphia, PA 19102. Exhibition: The Paris Universal Exhibition of 1889- American Artists at the World's Fair. Dates: 9/15/89-7/30/90. Artist: Robert Hatton Monks. Title and Date: A Cloudy Day.
  • Robert Hatton Monks (1856 - 1923) was born in Boston, Mass.
  • He went to Paris in 1881 where he studied with William Adolphe Bouguereau and Tony Robert-Fleury at the Academie Julian. But instead of painting in the academic tradition of his teachers, he did plein-air subjects, like the Impressionists.
  • He returned to Massachusetts in 1891 and continued his interest in Impressionism which is evident through his colorful palette and loose brushstrokes.
  • He went to Europe again in 1894 where he studied under Belgian Impressionist Emile Claus (his only American student) and was influenced to start working in pastels, on still lifes and landscapes. He also painted portraits, fruit, flowers and genre.
Painting, 19th c. (08.02.427)
  • Oil on canvas of HUDSON RIVER LANDSCAPE. Of the American School, 19th century.
Portrait, 1830-1836 (08.02.497)
  • Oil portrait of Jonathan Davis, framed
  • Attached plaque reads: Portrait of Jonathan Davis, Circa 1830-1836. Fairfield County, SC. WILLIAM HARRISON SCARBOUROUGH. American 1812-1871. Davis is the father of the two wives of James C. Furman who was a generous contributor to Furman University.
  • Davis “gave encouragement to young artists” and gave 10 orders to Scarborough at $100/ea. – several later burned
  • Scarborough – portraitist, miniaturist
  • -Born in TN
    -Worked in SC by the 1830s; lived in Columbia 1843-71
    -Advertised and painted in NC, SC, and GA
    -Usually a house guest of the subject, sometimes for months
    -Painted John C. Calhoun, many other notable SC politicians, military men, families, etc.
    -Often painted from tintypes and daguerreotypes
    -Bad eyesight made him give up miniatures
    -Portraits now in many SC museums and galleries
Portrait, c. 1840 (08.02.024)
  • Portrait of James Boulton Davis, who is the brother of the two Mrs. Furmans and son of Jonathan and Rebecca Davis.
  • During his life he traveled to Turkey and brought back many types of animals with him. For this reason he was sometimes referred to as "Goat" Davis.
  • Davis lived in house in the watercolor painting also in Cherrydale, which is known as "The Homestead."
Portrait, c. 1840 (08.02.025)
  • Portrait of Mary Elizabeth Scott, wife of James Boulton Davis
  • She is the sister-in-law of the two Mrs. Furmans and daughter-in-law of Jonathan and Rebecca Davis.
  • The subject is originally from Richland County, SC. Davis lived in house in the watercolor painting also in Cherrydale, which is known as "The Homestead."
Portrait, 19th c. (08.02.587)
  • Framed oil portrait of Hugh Garden, an ancestor of Alester Garden Furman and Charles Manning Furman, Jr
Sculpture, 1891 (L2006.001.14)
  • Plaster sculpture of 4 football players
Silhouette, 1840 (L2006.001.02)
  • Silhouette of Henry Clay and Daniel Webster
II. Furman Artifacts
Casting and framed tintype, 1850s-60s (08.02.510)
  • Casting of the head of William Nathaniel Rosamond, Furman ministerial student 1855
  • During the Civil War, he served in Regiment 16, Company C, Greenville.
  • He later served as a pastor in Mexico, MO and was the father of Ida Rosamond, a Greenville resident (1859-1944)
  • Given to old Furman museum in 1910
Class Ring, 1895 (08.06.010)
  • Gold Ring of Greenville Women’s College worn by Pearl Leach Capell, class of 1895
  • Given by her granddaughters
Cornerstones, 19th c. (01.02.030)
  • Collection of approximately 26 cornerstones and tombstones
Cup and Saucer, 1862-1887 (04.04.531)
  • China cup and saucer of Annie McMorris Furman Haynsworth
Fraternal Pin, 1852 (08.06.002)
  • Small gold diamond-shaped pin
  • Inscribed "1852," "Excelsior," a word written in Greek, and "Gamma Epsilon Pi."
  • There is also a star in the center of the diamond
Hitching Ring (07.03.001)
  • Hitching ring taken May 4, 1930 from stump of tree that stood in front of 2nd site of Furman in Sumter County
  • Preserved by Dr. W. J. McGlothlin and found during the demolition of the "President's home" on the Old Men's campus by John L. Plyler, Jr.
Pin, 1884 (08.06.011)
  • Judson Literary Society Pin belonging to Bessie Stradley, 1884
  • Inscribed on the front is "Polished after the Similitude of a Palace," on the back: "Bessie Stradley 1884."
  • A crescent moon is attached by a chain with "H.O.M.J." on it.
Pin, 1885 (08.06.004)
  • Judson Literary Society Pin of Mrs. BH Peace, Jr.
  • Front has inscribed "Polished after the Similitude of a Palace"
  • Back is inscribed with "Dec. 25th 85 C.L.T."
Pin, 1898 (08.06.012)
  • Judson Literary Society Pin belonging to Mamie Black, 1898
  • Pin has inscribed on it "Polished after the Similitude of a Palace," on the back: "Mamie Black 1898."
Pocket Watch, 1875-1876 (05.20.006)
  • 18 karat gold closed face pocket watch with white face
  • The Furman family coat of arms and the initials HRG (Hugh Richardson Garden), uncle of Alester G. Furman, are engraved on the case.
  • Gold pocket watch that formerly belonged to Alester Garden Furman, made around 1875-76 by the American Watch Company
Puzzle, 1862-1887 (09.05.016)
  • Children's cube puzzle. Creates several different pictures.
  • Belonged to Annie McMorris Furman Haynsworth
Shawl, c. 1859 (03.02.027)
  • Brown silk shaw with embroidered flowers
  • Worn by Jennie McBee Alexander Philpot when she graduated from Greenville Women’s College in 1859.
University Riflemen's Flag, 1860 (08.03.017)
  • University Riflemen formed in 1856
  • Greenville mostly consisted of Union sympathizers, but Dr. James C. Furman was for secession
  • Furman students stirred by military spirit
  • University Riflemen offered services to Gov. Pickens through a professor (and letter from James Furman) with faculty approval
  • Governor declined because he thought all the fighting would be in VA
  • Company disintegrated after a second unsuccessful effort to get into service
Wooden Pegs, 1850 (04.14.002)
  • Wooden pegs used in construction of the President's Home on Furman's old campus.
  • Built in 1850 and torn down in 1961
III. Furniture
Chair, c. 1840 (02.03.064)
  • Early American chair
Chairs, c. 1840 (02.03.252)
  • Set of 6 American Empire mahogany side chairs each with a leaf-carved toprail, pierced with a heart above 4 spindle splats, and with serpentine seat on sabre legs
  • French-inspired neoclassical style of American furniture and decoration that takes its name and originates from the Empire style introduced during the First French Empire period under Napoleon's rule
  • Gained its greatest popularity in the U.S. after 1810
Chamber Pot and Convenience Chair, 19th c. (03.04.003)
  • These pieces were located in Cherrydale while James C. Furman lived there.
  • Passed down through the family, this eventually belonged to Dr. Curtis Hall Haynsworth and was given to Furman by his children.
  • Considered a very practical item by polite society during the 18th and 19th centuries
  • Commode chairs of the era were not just practical; often, they were also handsomely crafted pieces of furniture.
Chandelier (02.05.028)
  • This chandelier was given to Furman by the Boston architects that designed the new campus.
  • It originally hung in the State House in Boston, where it burned whale oil.
Corner Cupboard, c. 1800 (02.03.012)
  • This was made for the farm house of Walter McAdams of the Hook community, 2 miles NW of Due West, SC.
  • It remained in the same dining room/kitchen corner area of this house until it was purchased for West View Gallery in 1973 for $1080.
  • It contains a rare candle/flame design at the top and hand carved rope design by the hinges.
Hunt Board, c. 1830 (L2006.002.02)
  • Cox-Pinson hunt board constructed of cypress wood, with two drawers and wooden knobs
  • This hunt board was constructed by Ephraim Mitchell (1795-1850) in Honea Path, SC
Hunt Board, c.1850 (02.03.007)
  • Ephraim Mitchell (1795-1850) of Abbeville district, SC, made this hunt board in Honea Path, SC. Mitchell was a well-known cabinet maker.
  • Constructed of poplar. Very plain, tall legs, 2 drawers with round wooden pulls. Inlaid around key holes, back splash. Dove-tailed drawers put together with wooden pegs.
  • This originally belonged to Mr. and Mrs. Joe Marion Murdock, the great-grandparents of Joe Marion Greer, Class of 1960. It was made by Ephraim Mitchell before 1850. The hunt board went to Joe's grandparents in the late 1800s and remained with them until 1957. Joe's grandmother, Mrs. Mollie Murdock, referred to the piece as the "slab." When Mrs. Murdock died, the hunt board was bought for $5.00 by Mrs. Lucia Murdock Hanks, Joe's aunt. Upon the death of Mrs. Hanks in 1980, her estate was sold at auction. This piece was bought by Allen Crawford who later loaned it to Furman University.
Linen Press, 1820 -1850 (05.10.002)
  • Linen press from Cherrydale house.
  • Semiformal, light wood.
Piano (06.03.002)
  • Wooden square piano with fold-down cover over the keys
  • Looks like a table with cover pulled down. Plate reads: The Piano of Mary Thompson Earle Plyler. Class of 1873, Greenville Female College
Secretary, c. 1800 (02.03.022)
  • Secretary made in Savannah, Georgia c.1800
Secretary, c. 1810 (02.03.009)
  • "Curly Tiger, Maple Desk-Secretary"
  • Made in Charleston, SC c. 1810
  • Charleston was a center of fine cabinetmaking in the 19th century
Secretary, 19th century (02.03.295)
  • Heart pine secretary with glass knobs and glass front doors on the top section
  • This piece was used in Cherrydale when the Furman family owned the home.
Sideboard, c. 1815 (02.03.014)
  • Walnut Hepplewhite sideboard with Hollywood string inlay
  • Made in Greenville, SC circa 1815
  • According to a local antique dealer the piece is "an outstanding example of a fine Southern sideboard."
  • George Hepplewhite was an English cabinet and chair maker. He gave his name to a distinctive style of light, elegant furniture that was fashionable at the end of the 18th century. He owned a shop in London, and after he died in 1786 the business was carried on by his widow Alice. In 1788, she published a book with about 300 of his designs: The CabinetMaker and Upholsterer's Guide. Reproductions of Hepplewhite designs continued through the following centuries.
Sideboard, c. 1840 (02.03.021)
  • Walnut sideboard made in Shelby, NC circa 1840
IV. Technology
Spinning Wheel, 1820s (04.13.002)

Thermometer, 1862-1887 (05.14.004)
  • Desk thermometer shaped like artist's palette of Ann Furman Haynsworth
Weathervane, 1868 (05.14.003)
  • Molded copper weathervane of a running horse
  • Manufactured by Cushing and White, Waltham, Massachusetts, 1868
  • Used on carriage house in Newburgh, NY
  • Purchased for West View Gallery in 1969

Last updated: March 1, 2013